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South Asia, Asia
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Climate Change, Bangladesh, Agriculture
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The story examines the dramatic impact of climate change on the people of Shatkhira, Sundarbans, in Bangladesh.
Ismail Ferdous

2012 — student award of excellence

I have started a self-financed project near the end of March 2011, which is presently on going. My story is based on the by-product of this phenomenon. Although, a thousand words are not enough to describe the situation in Shatkhira, I hope my photographs would fill in the gaps.

The only prospect one can expect to witness in this rural area is the presence of never-ending miles of dead lands, robbed of their fertility. Some regions are always waterlogged. There is water everywhere, but not a drop to drink! The most severe times are the summers and winters, when rainfall is minimum. Preserving some rainwater is lucky, otherwise they have to travel long distances to acquire pure drinking water. This new age has proved to be difficult for the farmers because farming is not an possible; the agrarian nature of the indigenous people has rapidly faded like the dying lands. With nothing to feed their children, the people have picked up shrimp and crab farming. The international market for this is enormous and the people were quick enough to shift their priorities.

However, these farms are gigantic and require lesser manpower. So, this change in occupation has only increased unemployment, as many do not posses any land at all and most do not even have the opportunity to farm shrimp. The other option (sometimes the only option) is to enter the forests of Sundarbans to fish and collect honey; but the jungle often means death for these people. Many have died from tiger attacks and many still die. Some have lost their sons and fathers, while some have no one to live for. Many have been widowed and many more injured. The locals refer to some villages as ‘widow villages.’

With such dangers, many choose the easy way out and turn into pirates, kidnapping whomever they can from the jungle and demanding a ransom from their families. To sum up, one can either cultivates shrimp (which pays very little); put their lives in danger by going to the forests filled with hungry tigers and even fiercesome pirates. On the other hand, some have capitalized on this opportunity to gain more influence and power over the locals. These men are the rich landowners who rent their lands for cultivation, and also loan money to the needy with harsh interest rates. They are only ones who have benefitted from climate change. The majority are victims.

“ Hamida“ (45) is a native who has lost both her husband and son in two consecutive years. They both died as a result of tiger attacks. She is suffering. Her daily income is less than a dollar. She doesn’t let her younger son go to the forest; she would rather have him be unemployed. She is afraid she might lose him too. Now she can only stare at the salted lands and hope for it all to be a bad dream.

Some fortunate ones thank their gods and goddesses for letting them survive the tiger attacks, even though they were seriously injured. “ Shubash“ (40) had first hand experience with one of the attacks. He lost a fraction of his face to a starving tiger and was disabled. He will have to spend the rest of his life with this disability. His son has to go the forest now and bring home dinner. They are not the only ones – there are many others like them.

My project offers insight into these helpless people’s lives. I have seen children deprived of their parents and wives deprived of their families. Initially, I was ashamed of myself for not being able to do anything. However, when I see the warm glow of hope in some of their eyes, I instantly believe that I am doing something. I know that even by just talking to them I create a thin but existent layer of hope for them. For them, it’s a sign that at least someone cares – even if it is an insignificant person like me.

Read more
Death hides in the pain sight. The soil has died away with the people’s spirit. Shamnagar, Shatkhira, Khulna. Ismail Ferdous  / Alexia Foundation
In an early morning Mustafa (35) an inhabitant of Shamnagar working in a shirmp/crab firm. Droplets and crabs! The cold water is salty, just the way crabs like it. It’s a one-man show. The workers have to work a long time for wages - not the way they like it. Ismail Ferdous/Alexia Foundation
Climate Change and its consequences of water salinity in Shatkhira Bangladesh. The sea water level has risen and the entire water source became briny. People collect water from rain which is considered as one of their main sources of Drinking water.

The bags were filled with rain water last night. The little girl, Salina (12 years old) peeks through her window. All she can see is empty lands and only some reserves of rainwater she has left. It is only a matter of time before she runs out. Ironically, there is water everywhere; but it is full of salt. Ismail Ferdous/Alexia Foundation
These individuals have crossed the river and traveled at least a dozen kilometers to get the drinking water necessary for survival. Everyday men, women and children come this place called Dosh Number Shora to collect fresh water. Ismail Ferdous/Alexia Foundation
Like Shamima Begum thousands of women are surviving and struggling in inhumane living conditions. They had to go fishing in forest. Ismail Ferdous/Alexia Foundation
Entering the enchanted Sundarban, forest, where a lot of souls have been lost. They know not if they shall return, but it is the only destiny they know of. They have to travel through the long rivers, which are infested with pirates. The shores are dangerous because the tigers have never been hungrier. Ismail Ferdous/Alexia Foundation
Local people are rebuilding their broken dyke in Shamnagar, Shatkhira. Ismail Ferdous/Alexia Foundation
Shjeda (35) lost her husband, he was killed by a tiger when he went to collect honey in Sundarban jungle. Ismail Ferdous/Alexia Foundation
Happiness is the miracle holding them together. Just like your childhood, any one of their lives can just vanish. May be they don’t know their future holds but they survive. Ismail Ferdous/Alexia Foundation
Chan Mia, is an inhabitant in Gabura, Shatkhira, lost his paddy field and family grave yard because of Aila catastrophe. Ismail Ferdous/Alexia Foundation